The effects of lesions of superior temporal gyrus and inferior parietal lobe on temporal and vertex components of the human AEP.


We recorded auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to 1 kHz tone bursts in controls and patients with unilateral lesions centered in posterior superior temporal gyrus and adjacent caudal inferior parietal lobule (STG) or in rostral inferior parietal lobule (IPL). Controls generated a vertex maximal N94 (N1b) and P200 (P2) and additional P45, N78 and N127 temporal AEP components (P45, N1a, N1c). Similar to prior reports, in controls the N1a was most prominent over the left temporal lobe and the P45 was largest over the right temporal lobe consistent with behavioral and anatomical data indicating differential organization of left and right human temporal lobe. The N1c was recorded equally from both T3 and T4 electrodes and was enhanced in the temporal site contralateral to the ear of stimulation. The patient groups had differential effects on AEPs. Unilateral STG lesions resulted in bilateral reductions of the N1b and P45 and marked unilateral reductions of the N1a and N1c over lesioned hemisphere. IPL lesions resulted in bilateral but non-significant reductions of the N1b and N1c. The scalp topography results in normal subjects combined with the effects of unilateral STG lesions provide supportive evidence that the temporal maximal components of the human AEP (P45, N1a, N1c) are generated by radially oriented neuronal dipole sources located in STG. The bilateral reduction of the N1b vertex response by unilateral STG lesions is compatible with a unilateral disruption of a vertically oriented dipole situated in the posterior superior temporal plane. The results emphasize the critical role of the superior temporal plane and lateral superior temporal gyrus in generation of human long latency AEPs.